As we are talking about prompts, I thought it important to define prompts before we talk about how to use them and fade them. First, a prompt is anything you add to instruction to help the student get to the right response. This means that it includes pretty much anything that is done after the direction is given or can be planned in advance.
In addition to these prompts, you can have partial physical prompts–only guiding the learner part way through the act. You can have model prompts, where you model what needs to be done (I generally refer to them as gestural prompts because I’ve found too many codes on a data sheet get too confusing). There is also some terrific work being done using text prompts, pagers to prompt, and auditory prompts that are pre-recorded. We don’t use them much in discrete trials but they are terrific for teaching life skills and improving independence.
And fading out prompts and how we use prompts in discrete trials will be the topic of the next post.
For those of you who downloaded the summer vacation narrative freebie mini-book, I added some pages about summer school so it can be used with students going to ESY. I don’t know how I could have forgotten that! You can download it here.
Until next time,