Now we know why we need independent work systems and what they can do for us. And we know the questions they need to answer for the student and why they are important. So let’s get to the meat of the issue of how to set them up properly to answer those 4 questions.
In order to create good independent work systems, you need the right tools. But don’t worry, they don’t require buying lots of stuff (unless you want to). Work systems can be as pretty or not as you want, but the one thing they have to be is functional.
I’m going to focus this post on the basic, beginning structured work system. This system can be adapted up or down according to your students’ needs and I’ll focus in some future posts how to do this. However, you can see some examples of how to develop more advanced systems here and some examples of more basic systems here.
What Do You Need to Start Independent Work Systems?
20 SHOE BOXES
To get it set up I usually l recommend starting with 20 clear plastic shoeboxes. Walmart tends to have the cheapest typically but the Dollar Tree and Target are options as well. They tend to cost about $1 or a little less each. You can find them at Amazon below (but more expensive than Walmart, just FYI).
Don’t have money for shoeboxes, no problem. Save all your cardboard shoe boxes and ask your family and coworkers to do the same. Gather containers you might have in the classroom.
LARGE FINISHED BASKET
You need 1 for each work system. I typically use a large laundry basket, but you could also use a copier paper box or another large carton. The key is you want the basket to be large enough to hold all the tasks the student completes and for them to fit in it still completed. That means often it needs to hold 3 to 5 of the clear shoeboxes.
You can purchase them in disposable format from ziplock or Rubbermaid or gather up your trash. One person’s trash is another person’s treasure, it is said. And that is never as true as it is in creating independent work system. So put the word out and ask people to start collecting. Here some some things you can use.
You need this to put the schedule together and put the visuals on the bin. And sometimes you need it to put the tasks together so they stay together. If you want to buy in bulk, Feiner Office Supply is the cheapest I've found.
If you don't want to or can't buy in bulk (even with a friend), Amazon is probably the cheapest option. And if you can, I highly recommend buying dots. Once you use dots and don't have to cut the Velcro constantly...you'll never go back. They are worth the little extra to save the time.
SYSTEM SCHEDULE VISUALS (2 EACH)
These can be colors, numbers, letters, symbols, or really anything. You can make them theme related, or not. There are really 2 criteria you need to use—they need to be something the student either knows how to match or start with something basic like matching colors. Some people make different types of visuals for different types of tasks. That’s a project for down the line. Right now, let’s just get started. So let’s start with colored visuals. Make sure you have 2 of each color. One is going to go on the schedule and the other is going to go on the bin.
You can grab schedules you just have to print, laminate and Velcro in my starter kit for elementary and for secondary. Or you can use post-it notes or construction paper. It doesn’t need to be fancy. You do want it to be durable.
KNOWN REINFORCERS FOR EACH STUDENT
You need to know what is really reinforcing for your students’ behavior. You are going to use that as your “what’s next” to motivate them to work independently and complete the system. Want some tips on how to figure out what reinforcers work for your students? Check out this post.
PICTURES OF REINFORCERS
If your students are not good readers, you will need pictures or symbols to represent the reinforcers. In this case you typically don’t need 2 pictures because often they will give the visual to an adult to get the reinforcer. if you want them to access it on their own, you might have a toy box or container within the reinforcer in it with a matching visual if you want.
Everything you need to set up a killer independent work system in your classroom. #autism
So, in the next few days gather the materials above. Get them ready and my next post will be a tutorial about putting them all together to create the system.
Until next time,